What is Recency, Frequency and Monetary Value (RFM) Analysis?

Rob Horton, CEO

Are you are trying to measure a customers value beyond just their initial acquisition value? Recency, Frequency and Monetary Value (RFM) analysis could be the solution you need to measure the current relationship customers have with your business.

What is RFM analysis

RFM seeks to understand a customers current relationship with your organisation by determining the recency, frequency and monetary value of the purchases they make with your business. RFM is a key indicator of a customers current relationship with you. RFM allows you to assign a score to every record in your customer database, either at a point in time or continuously in a ‘live’ capacity, depending on how you wish to monitor the score.

What’s the difference between Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV) and RFM?

Customer Lifetime Value focuses on the entire duration of a customers relationship with your organisation. RFM is different because it is a metric that measures the current, most recent status of the customers relationship with your business. CLTV and RFM are key data metrics that are used to support decision making and measuring marketing performance, as well as supporting you to define segments based on criteria.

Why is RFM analysis helpful?

Knowing a person’s RFM score means that you can assign communications or automation capabilities appropriate to their relationship with you. RFM could, for example, support you in identifying a ‘VIP’ segment that you may wish to treat differently to a low-value customer segment, as the score identifies who your best, and worst, customers are. With this information, you can ensure that your VIP customers stay VIPs by providing them with early release stock or products they can’t get as part of the wider mailing list. On the other hand, you could attempt to prevent customer churn and increase the length of a customer relationship with your organisation by sharing promotional offers with customers who have a low RFM score. After all, in the context of marketing data, ‘worst’ customers merely represent a marketing opportunity.

To sum it up

RFM analysis is a way of measuring the current relationship a customer has with your business against a number of defined parameters. You can use it to direct your marketing in given segments to your better advantage, in addition to using it to measure performance over time. It is definitely a metric you should start measuring if you haven’t already. If you are interested in finding out how RFM can help your business specifically, don’t hesitate to contact us.

About the Author

Rob Horton, CEO
Rob is co-founder and a digital marketing technology expert. He has spent the last 20+ years working with marketing teams of all shapes and sizes, to take their operational marketing needs and deliver successful technology-backed solutions. Rob sets the strategic direction for the company and works closely with clients and partners to ensure we continue to innovate faster than our competitors.
Connect with Rob on LinkedIn.

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